The state of Florida has been confirmed to be below sea level. Gradual and drastic changes in the climate, as well as global warming, has resulted in the rise of sea-levels and the consequences it can have in Florida are apparent, but not relatively known. The average worldwide sea level has risen by about 8 inches since 1870. Because of the increasing temperature, the climate has become noticeably warmer and the annual rate of sea level rise has accelerated. Studies have shown that the annual sea level rise between 1993 and 2011 was 78% higher than between 1961 and 1993.

The Southeast Florida Regional Climate Change Compact was established in early 2012 by four county governments in Southeast Florida. This was due in response to the impacts and consequences of the rising sea level. The four county governments of Palm Beach, Broward, Miami-Dade, and Monroe Counties have a combined population of 5.6 million. This agreement serves the purpose of developing and utilizing mitigation and adaptation strategies through joint efforts between the counties. It also is used to actively inform critical state and federal policy-making and government funding decisions that coincides and is related to the issue.